The 2018 CJA Plan
The Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees an accused the right to representation by counsel in serious criminal prosecutions. The Criminal Justice Act (CJA) of 1964 (18 U.S.C. § 3006A, as amended) establishes a comprehensive system for providing legal representation for accused persons who are financially unable to retain counsel in federal criminal proceedings. Montana’s current CJA Plan (the Plan) was approved by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and became effective October 18, 2018. On November 22, 2019, the District Court adopted Appendix B to the Plan which outlines CJA Panel Management Protocols. The Plan, and all attachments, are posted in the Criminal Justice Act Section on the official website of the United States District Court for the District of Montana.
The Plan implements the Criminal Justice Act and outlines when counsel must or may be appointed as well as the qualifications and duties of appointed counsel – whether they are employees of the Federal Defenders of Montana or a member of the CJA Panel. It also establishes a CJA Panel Selection Committee to assure the proper composition, administration, and management of the panel of private attorneys to be appointed under the Act. The current membership of the CJA Committee is published on the website of the U.S. District Court. The Ninth Circuit’s Model CJA Panel Plan and the Circuit's CJA Policies and Procedures, revised January 10, 2020, can be accessed here.
Membership on the CJA Panel
The Montana CJA Panel consists of experienced, highly qualified attorneys who specialize in, or who have a demonstrated competence in, federal criminal defense. CJA Panel Attorneys must maintain the highest standards of criminal defense, effective federal sentencing advocacy, thorough understanding of the United States statutes, and familiarity with local and national rules. A comprehensive list of qualifications is found beginning at page 8 of the Plan.
To assure that each member of the panel receives sufficient CJA assignments each year to maintain these standards, the CJA Selection Committee has established the following Divisional Panel Membership limits:
Membership Limit (Vacancies)
|Billings||19 (3 Vacancies)|
|Great Falls||14 (2 Vacancies)|
|Helena||7 (1 Vacancies)|
|Missoula (Including Butte)||18 (0 Vacancies)|
|Appeals Only||2 (0 Vacancies)|
One of the functions of the CJA Committee is to recommend approval of qualified candidates to fill open positions. To apply for membership on a Divisional CJA Panel submit a completed application form. The completed form should be emailed in Adobe Acrobat format to the CJA Supervising Attorney, Wendy Holton, and Panel Administrator, Adina Poitra. If submitting by mail, send the application to: CJA Panel Selection Committee, ATTN CJA Panel Administrator, 104 Second Street South, Suite 301, Great Falls, MT 59401. Applications will be considered at the next meeting of the CJA Committee.
Another function of the CJA Committee is to periodically review panel members to ensure that they continue to meet the qualifications set forth in the Plan. An attorney will be considered for removal if (s)he has not accepted an appointment for two years or, in the opinion of the Committee, no longer meets the standards for membership.
To learn more about the CJA Panel in this district, please refer to the memorandum Introduction To The Criminal Justice Act And The Montana Criminal Justice Act Panel.